We need your support to continue! Become a member
The Bristol Cable

Housing coops: a landlord you can trust

For the many people in Bristol renting their homes and unable to buy, housing cooperatives offer an alternative way to live.

housing Bristol

Photo: Hannah Vickers

“I couldn’t believe that most of my week I was working in this shitty job so I could pay a landlord loads of money.”

Tired of extortionate rents and zero stability – inevitable consequences of renting in Bristol –  Vic decided to take things into her own hands. She and her friends formed Hammerhead, a housing cooperative in St George, so they could be their own landlords.

“The only way you can afford to buy anywhere now is if you get given money or save up loads”

“My ex-landlord is really rich, he’s got five houses,” adds Vic.

I’ve spoken to a lot of people at various stages of cooperatively owning their home. The same motivations come up again and again: stability, reasonable rent, and having control over your home. The private rental sector in Bristol is bigger than it’s ever been. A growing number can’t afford to buy but aren’t eligible for social or affordable renting.

Housing in Bristol is at crisis point. Rents and property prices are rising faster in Bristol than in nearly any other UK city. Rent has been increasing faster than wages since 2011 and now takes up a bigger slice of our income than ever before. Rising rents (up by a third in the last four years) and property prices (up by more than half in the last decade), a shrinking social housing sector (more than 11,000 are waiting for a council house) and stagnating wages are making Bristol increasingly impossible to afford.

“There’s a massive demand and we’re not building enough of the right homes,” says Oona Goldsworthy, CEO of housing association United Communities, but insists this is not unique to Bristol.

“It’s a global problem, we’re just not providing houses for young people. They can’t put down roots,” she adds. “The only way you can afford to buy anywhere now is if you get given money or save up loads and loads. Buying is very difficult for under 40s.”

Lording it

Forming or joining a housing cooperative is a potential solution for the growing number of renters in Bristol who want security, but for whom buying is out of reach. Housing coops have been a small but steady presence in the UK for decades. There are around 40 registered in the southwest, and although each is unique, they tend to share some core beliefs.

“It’s about living with people, rather than just sharing a space, about living communally, building a support network”

A housing coop is a group of people who buy a property, which they manage together. The coop owns the house but the group owns the coop, making members effectively their own landlords; able to set rents and arrange work on the house. It’s a way to step out of the rental market and make sure a home remains in cooperative ownership for years to come, with usually cheap rent for members and more security than rental tenancies. You also avoid the personal debt of having a mortgage.

“Hammerhead Housing Cooperative owns the house and the five of us are all directors of that company,” explains Vic. “If I move out, I’ll stop being a director and whoever moves in will become a new director.”

“Two rooms will always be a housing benefit level,” adds Vic, and rent for each room is on a sliding scale, dependent on the resident’s income. It’s a far cry from privately renting.

Being in a housing coop doesn’t give the same financial benefit, for an individual or couple, as buying a house. If someone leaves, they don’t get ‘bought out’ because the coop is paying the mortgage and owns the house. And it still means renting for the rest of your life.

“It’s not like buying a house and then your mortgage is paid off,” explains Anne Barham, from Somewhere Housing Cooperative, Bristol’s oldest and largest housing coop in Bedminster. “I’m going to have to pay ‘til I die. And now I’m getting older, that’s a bit of a problem for me.” Once the mortgage is paid off, rent (which by then is much lower) goes towards maintenance and some coops invest in helping newer coops get off the ground with skill sharing, advice and loans though cooperative federation Radical Routes.

“There’s no way that I could afford to have a place like this to live,” says Trevor Houghton, also from Somewhere. They’ve just added three new-build super-low-energy one-bed flats to their fleet of 14 housing units for over 20 members, and he’s about to move into one of them.

While you’re here…

The Cable relies on the 2,600+ members that make it up, so if you like the kind of articles we publish, consider joining. Membership is from just £1 a month. And if you don’t like what we report on, join and have a say in the types of articles we publish. Members vote for the kind of stories we work on, the campaigns we run and where we put our money.

Be part of the Cable

“Basically you’re creating your own extended family”

But not everyone starts from scratch. Steph is on the hunt for an established coop to join. She’s in her 30s and doesn’t want to be at the whim of landlords anymore, but can’t afford to buy. “And it’s unlikely I’ll be able to… in the next 15-20 years,” she points out. Tenants in the private sector are getting older, according to the latest report from the Office of National Statistics.

Steph wants to live in a coop “to provide stability and security”, which she can’t afford to do on her own. “Especially if you’re a single person, what do I do? My friends are all having babies and buying houses. I’m one of three people I know who doesn’t own the house they live in.”

Somewhere Housing Cooperative has existed since 1979 and houses around 20 people in several sites
Somewhere Housing Cooperative has existed since 1979 and houses around 20 people in several sites

While escaping the insecurity of the private rental sector is appealing, it’s also about taking property out of private ownership and providing actually affordable housing.

But the motivations are not all financial. “It’s about living with people, rather than just sharing a space, about living communally, building a support network. Cohabiting is good for your health, says Steph. “Being around other people is just good for you.”

“Basically you’re creating your own extended family.”

It’s not always easy though. Buying a house as a cooperative can be a gruelling process, full of disappointment and frustration, as the five friends behind Anarres Housing Cooperative found out.

They formed their coop around the same time as Hammerhead started up. “We saw where the rental market was going in Bristol, and we realised that if we got kicked out we wouldn’t be able to get somewhere,” says Cheryl. Most of the members of the coop are on disability benefits and Cheryl has a dog, both of which, as anyone who’s ever rented knows, make finding a home nearly impossible. “And landlords never ever fix anything.”

They had everything in place. They’d found a house, raised enough for a deposit and got a mortgage in principle with Triodos, one of the few banks to lend to cooperatives.

Now, after months of careful planning they were finally close to moving into their own home. But suddenly, everything went wrong at once. They were outbid on the house, the mortgage provider increased the interest rate and reduced the percentage it would lend them, and one of the friends – the one who’d been putting in the biggest chunk of money – pulled out. And then, they got evicted. Their landlord wanted to sell the house so they split up, moving where they could.

“There’s so much to think of. We thought we’d covered everything,” says Cheryl in a low voice, clearly still stung by the memory.

Cheryl says that it was tempting to give up, but in the end it was the thing they’d all feared – being evicted and moved into separate houses – that made them give it another go. The friends took a six-month break, then started again. They found two new members to replace the ones who’d left, and joined Radical Routes.

“Once you’ve got a loan from Radical Routes, mortgage brokers will take that as quite a strong endorsement because there’s never been a Radical Routes loan that’s been defaulted on,” explains Sam, who joined Anarres when it restarted. The coop is currently trying to raise its loan stock (anarres.org.uk), which is made up of long-term loans from family, friends and other investors.

The message I got from Anarres, and everyone I’ve spoken to for this story is: it probably won’t be easy but it’ll be worth it. For the obvious economical benefits, but also the social and ideological ones. “It’s about land being held in common, not believing in private property but that we should all have access,” says Vic. “None of us has the right to own a bit of land.”

Comments

Report a comment. Comments are moderated according to our Comment Policy.

Post a comment

Mark if this comment is from the author of the article

By posting a comment you agree to our Comment Policy.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Related content

Council commits to crackdown on benefit discrimination against renters

Following a renter-led campaign by Shelter, councillors from across parties voted to support the Labour motion pledging to tackle landlords excluding renters who claim benefits.

Council call off bailiffs after discovering an eviction blocked by community response was for a debt owed to them

Bailiffs were trying to evict the woman and her two children a week before Christmas.

‘Marginalised people are worse affected by the housing crisis’: the Bristol renters facing discrimination and bias

Bristol City Council have pledged to stamp out discrimination in the private rental sector. But it’s not always clear cut.

How my experiences of renting in Bristol pushed me to campaign for a fairer system

Kate Bower has now left Bristol after struggling to rent in the city and facing discrimination for years. But now she is determined to help make much-needed changes happen.

‘I pay more in rent than I ever did on a mortgage’: renting in your 40s, 50s and 60s

Renting isn't just for young people. Older renters in Bristol thrown ‘curveballs’ by life are being left financially insecure by the rental market.

Updated plans to redevelop St Christopher’s into retirement community have been unveiled. But some locals still need convincing.

The debate rages on about the future of the site of St Christopher’s, a former residential school for vulnerable children that closed amid a police investigation in 2019.

Join our newsletter

Get the essential stories you won’t find anywhere else

Subscribe to the Cable newsletter to get our weekly round-up direct to your inbox every Saturday

Join our newsletter

Get the essential stories you won’t find anywhere else

Subscribe to the Cable newsletter to get our weekly round-up direct to your inbox every Saturday